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Gihon Spring


Gihon is mentioned six times in biblical scriptures and is first referred to in Genesis as one of the four tributaries that flow from the river within the Garden of Eden. The other three rivers are the Rivers Tigris, Euphrates and Pishon. The Gihon River flowed through the land of Cush. Many think that Cush refers to present day Ethiopia or Sudan but others suggest other countries in that region. In Hebrew "Bursting Forth or Gushing" is typical translation of the name Gihon. The River Gihon may be what we know today as the River Nile whilst others suggest the Abay River.

The area around the River Gihon presumably became known as Gihon and is mentioned three times in the account of Solomon's succession to the throne of Israel and Judah succeeding his father King David. King David announced that Solomon was to be taken to Gihon to be anointed and declared as the next king. Later King Solomon took on and completed his father's great wish to build the Temple in Jerusalem and did so over the Gihon Spring.

On the point of death through sickness King Hezekiah prayed to the Lord and repented of his pride and his people followed suit resulting in his life being extended and blessings forthcoming for his people. Hezekiah blocked up and redirected Gihon Spring and the pure water miraculously made the land around Jerusalem fertile.

Hezekiah's son, Manassah succeeded him as king. He initially ignored God and so Manassah was taken prisoner by the Assyrians, but Manassah sought God in prayer and in his distress he met and knew God as Lord. Manassah rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem including the area around Gihon Spring to help protect the city.

Hezekiah's Tunnel was constructed and incorporates an aqueduct that carried the waters of the Gihon Spring from outside Jerusalem's city walls to a place known as the Pool of Siloam. The Tunnel, Spring and Pool remain today as tourist attractions in Jerusalem but in the time of Jesus it was the custom for people to visit the Pool of Siloam in search of pure water and spiritual refreshment. Gihon Spring was the only source of pure water that served the city of Jerusalem. There are disputes over the actual location of some of the original gates in and around Jerusalem but Fountain Gate is usually accepted as being at the most southerly end of the perimeter wall and close to the Pool of Siloam.

Scripture has many examples of water being a source of life, quenching thirst, for cleansing, purifying and healing and Jesus himself speaks to the woman at the well about drinking "living water" and never thirsting again.

Fountain Gate

Jesus met a man who had been born blind, whereupon he wanted to demonstrate God's miraculous power by spitting on the ground, making mud with his saliva and putting the mud on the man's eyes. The blind man was then sent to the Pool of Siloam where he washed himself and then for the first time in his life he could see.

It is worth remembering that Jesus was not saying that streams of water have some miraculous power but whoever believes in Jesus then the streams of living water will flow from them. Jesus is the source of power.

This charity was set up to help other frontline Christian charities to share the love of Jesus with the communities they serve and because we believe in Jesus as our Lord we want to help, resource and support their efforts. To succeed in their mission these charities must believe and so streams of living water will flow through them.

Gihon Spring provided the river-bed and the only source of pure water in the city and via the tunnel, (the works of man), this pure water reached the Pool of Siloam. Our hope and prayer is that the streams of living water that Jesus promises will flow through our work, from donations received, so that the charities and individuals will benefit from the miraculous power from the streams of living water that changes lives, heals people and brings hope and eternal life.

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